Last month, I created a Tumbleweed Virtual Machine (or VM), using KVM. Yesterday’s project was to install into that existing VM. I wanted a clean install, retaining “/home” but reformatting everything else.
Fortunately, that previous install was for UEFI booting. I’m not sure how easy it would have been to do new install into the same BIOS based virtual machine.
I started by downloading the DVD installer for Tumbleweed snapshot 20171007. As usual, I downloaded the sha256 checksum file with “wget”, and I downloaded the iso itself using “aria2c”.
I then verified the gpg signature on the sha256 checksum file, using gpg. Then I used “sha256sum -c” to verify the checksum of the download iso file.
It was time for another Tumbleweed install.
This time, I decided to use KVM and install Tumbleweed into a virtual machine.
As is my usual practice, I went to the Tumbleweed download site. There, I found the latest image for snapshot 20170913. I downloaded the DVD iso image (64-bit version) using “aria2c”. And I downloaded the sha256 checksum file using “wget”.
Next, I used “gpg” to verify the signature on the sha256 checksum file. And then I used “sha256sum -c” to verify the checksum of the DVD iso file.
I’m no longer doing monthly installs of Tumbleweed. But I do installs when there is a reason.
In this case it was another computer. And what use is a computer without some form of linux?
My wife purchased a new laptop for use with Windows 10. So I got the previous laptop as a hand-me-down. I already have a laptop with Windows 7, and also dual-booting to openSUSE. So I did not need another Windows 7 system. So this became my linux laptop.
Around two months ago, another computer died. That was an older desktop — the one with an nVidia graphics card. That older desktop is now in computer heaven (otherwise known as the electronics recycling center). With the arrival of this hand-me-down, I’m now back to my former number of computers. But this one has Intel graphics, so I no longer have anything with nVidia graphics.
I wanted to use an encrypted LVM for this install. And I find it more convenient to prepare the disk ahead of time.
Recently, openSUSE Tumbleweed updated Gnome to version 3.24. So I decided to give it a test. And I ran into some “problems”. This post will discuss those problems.
Gnome under Wayland
My oldest Tumbleweed system was installed in November 2014. And that’s where I first tested Gnome. At the time, I was using “sddm” for logins. Selecting “Gnome” on the login menu gave me a Gnome session running under X11. This was as expected. There was also a menu item for “Gnome-Wayland”. Selecting that gave me Gnome running under Wayland for managing the graphics.
I later switched to using “gdm” as login manager. And, with “gdm”, selecting “Gnome” gave me a Wayland session.
Next, I tried on my laptop. Tumbleweed was installed there on March 14 this year. I was already configured to use “gdm” for logins there. But, try as I did, I was unable to get a Wayland session for Gnome.
It has been a few months since I last tried installing Tumbleweed. I wanted to install on my laptop, to test the latest version of NetworkManager.
The install went pretty well. The most obvious problem was a black screen on the first boot of the newly installed system. But that was not as bad as it sounds. I’ll give more details below. The install was for snapshot 20170314.
As is my usual practice, I used “aria2c” to download the iso, and I used “wget” to download the sha256 checksum file. Both were the 64-bit versions.
I downloaded both the DVD installer and the live rescue CD.
After downloading, I used
gpg --verify filename.sha256
to verify the gpg signature on the checksum file (where “filename” depends on whether this was for the live CD or the DVD installer.
I then used
sha256sum -c filename.sha256
to verify the checksum of the downloaded iso file.
After download, I wrote both isos to USB devices. My typical command for this is
dd_rescue filename.iso /dev/sdd
where “/dev/sdd” is the device where the USB shows up. I used a 4G USB device for the live rescue CD, and an 8G USB for the DVD installer.
I then booted the live rescue CD on two systems. It booted up without any difficulty. On the first boot, a hybrid partition was created, where any changes made can be saved to disk. Read More…
It has been a while since I last installed Tumbleweed. I decided that it was time to again check the installer.
The Tumbleweed system that I already have installed had desktops KDE, Gnome, XFCE and LXDE. But for recent intstalls (as with Leap 42.2), I have been going with KDE, Gnome, XFCE, LXQt, FVWM and MATE. So it seemed reasonable for the new Tumbleweed install to follow the same path. I also added Enlightenment for experimenting.
As usual, I downloaded via the command line. The install was for snapshot 20161128. I chose to download both the DVD iso and the rescue iso.
For the rescue iso, the commands that I used were:
wget http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/iso/openSUSE-Tumbleweed-Rescue-CD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256 gpg --verify openSUSE-Tumbleweed-Rescue-CD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256 aria2c -V -R http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/iso/openSUSE-Tumbleweed-Rescue-CD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso sha256sum -c openSUSE-Tumbleweed-Rescue-CD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256
And, for the DVD iso, I similarly used:
wget http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/iso/openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256 gpg --verify openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256 aria2c -V -R http://download.opensuse.org/tumbleweed/iso/openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso sha256sum -c openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20161128-Media.iso.sha256
I’ve simplified my life, so I am no longer doing regular monthly installs. But I still do occasional installs.
In this case, the occasion was a topic at opensuse forums:
A user was not sure how to install without a network. So I decided to do an install, to make sure that this was still possible.
I began by downloading the latest snapshot. I first used
to download the sha256 checksum file. That’s a small file (654 bytes), and I find it easier to use “wget” for small files. I then verified that file, using
gpg --verify openSUSE-Tumbleweed-DVD-x86_64-Snapshot20160813-Media.iso.sha256
The file itself has a gpg signature, so checking that signature is sufficient to verify the download.
I’ve been doing an install each month, mostly to test for problems with the installer. For this month, I download snapshot 20160412. There have been more snapshots since then, but this was the one that I installed yesterday.
The live rescue CD
I also downloaded the live rescue CD at the same time. I must have started the download too soon after publication. This was the slowest download that I have done. Normally, the iso for a rescue CD downloads in a few minutes. For this download, “aria2c” was giving me an estimated download time of around 58 hours and worse. The download site was obviously busy and no mirrors were yet available.
The slow download continued for a while. Then it gave me an error indicating that the download had failed.
This month’s install was interesting.
My original plan was to install from the KDE live iso. So I downloaded “openSUSE-Tumbleweed-KDE-Live-x86_64-Snapshot20160307-Media.iso” and wrote that to a USB. It booted up nicely, and ran well. Among other things, that suggests that the problems with persistent storage on the usb device have been fixed. It created a hybrid partition that was mounted as “ext4” instead of the “btrfs” that had been giving problems with the persistent hybrid partition.
Early today, there was a Tumbleweed update to snapshot 20160128. So I took a look at both the live rescue system and at updating my computers that are running Tumbleweed in one of their partitions.
Live rescue iso
There has been a problem with the live rescue iso for a month or two. As far as I know, it works fine if you burn the iso to a CD. But writing it to a USB flash drive has been troublesome.
On reading the email notification of the update (or publishing of this snapshot), it seemed to hint that the problem had been fixed. So I downloaded the iso, and wrote to a 4G USB.
Alas, the problem is still there. What you notice, is that it seems to hang during boot. If you look at the messages, they indicate problems starting journald.