Tag Archive | opensuse

Notes on OpenSUSE Leap 15.0

Since my last post on 15.0, there have been several new beta releases.  We have seen Build115.1, Build 124.1, Build 127.1, Build 128.1 and Build 129.1.

With that many builds, I have not been downloading them all.  I have been updating my 15.0 systems.  I am updating them in the same way that I update openSUSE Tumbleweed.  That is, I am using

zypper dup

to update from the repos.  My most recent install attempts have been with Build127.1, though most of my systems are now updated to the latest version.

Overall picture

Things are mostly going well with 15.0.  The final release is still planned for May.  But if you want to take a look at pre-release versions, then now is a good time to try.

What I have tested is mainly working well.  There are still a few bugs in the partitioner, as used for install.  Some of those bugs have already been fixed in the latest updates.

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OpenSUSE Leap 15.0 Beta

Build 109.3 of Leap 15.0 was announced on Friday.  So I download and installed.  With build 109.3, it is now announcing itself as a Beta release.  Previous releases that I tested have indicated that they were Alpha releases.

Downloading

I followed my usual practice of downloading with “aria2c”.  I am using the download site download.opensuse.org/distribution/leap/15.0/iso/.  I first used “wget” to download “openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build109.3-Media.iso.sha256” (the checksum file).  I then verified its gpg signature.  Next, I downloaded the iso itself.  And I used “sha256sum” to verify the sha256 checksum.  And, following that, I wrote the iso to an 8G USB flash drive. Read More…

GeckoLinux has been updated to 180107

Yesterday, I reported on GeckoLinux.  And I found a few problems.  I’m happy to say that the maintainer noticed my report, and has provided an updated release 423.180107 to correct those problems.

Trying Plasma

This time, just to be different, I tried the Plasma version instead of the XFCE version.  I downloaded the iso, following the links at the GeckoLinux site.  I then verified the download using the provided sha1 checksum.

To test, I planned only to use the downloaded iso as a virtual CDROM with a KVM virtual machine install.

Installing

I was already running “virt-manager”, so I used the menu option to define a new virtual machine.  I set it to use 10G of virtual disk space, which should be sufficient for my testing.  And I set it to use 2G of memory and to use 2 processors (from the 4-core processor in my main desktop system).

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OpenSUSE Leap 15.0 Build 84.1

I notice, on Thursday Jan 4th, that Build 84.1 was available at the download site.  So I download, and did some testing.

Downloading

As is my usual practice, I used “aria2c” to download the iso, and I used “wget” to download the checksum file.  I then verified the “gpg” signature on the checksum file, after which I used the checksum to verify the downloaded iso file.

Updating

My first test was to update an existing 15.0 system.  For that, I wrote the iso to a USB flash drive.  I then configured that flash drive as a repo.  And, following that, I used “zypper dup” to bring the existing 15.0 system up to date.  When I do this, I can see that most of the updated software comes from the local USB that I configured as a repo.  Some updated software comes from the online repos.  The “zypper” command seems to recognize that the repo on the local USB is to be preferred to the online repo, when the software is available in both places.

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Upgrading to openSUSE Leap 15.0 Alpha

A quick reminder that Leap 15.0 is still at the alpha pre-release stage.

Today, I decided to experiment with upgrading.  I have openSUSE Leap 42.3 installed in a virtual machine under KVM.  So I cloned that virtual machine, using the “virt-clone” command (as root).  I then proceeded to upgrade it to Leap 15.0.

This is intended to be a throw-away.  I’ll delete that upgraded virtual machine after a few days of testing.  I may repeat the entire procedure when 15.0 is closer to final release.

Upgrading

I first booted the clone VM, to make sure that it could boot into Leap 42.3.

Next, I shutdown that VM.  Then on the “hardware details” screen of the viewer, I configured the virtual DVD device to use the DVD installer iso for Leap 15.0.  I also checked the box to enable the boot menu (under “boot options”).

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OpenSUSE Leap 15.0 Build 79.1

The next Leap version, 15.0, is still showing as an alpha release.  Still, I was happy to see the install iso for Build 79.1 show up at the download site last Wednesday.  At around the same time, there was an update message on the factory mailing list, reporting the current status of Leap 15.0.

According to that update message, the current aim is for a final release in May of 2018.  That seems more realistic than the earlier (Feb/March) suggestion.

Downloading

When I noticed that the iso was available, I of course downloaded it.  I followed my usual practice for this:

wget http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/leap/15.0/iso/openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build79.1-Media.iso.sha256
aria2c -V -R http://download.opensuse.org/distribution/leap/15.0/iso/openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build79.1-Media.iso
gpg --verify openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build79.1-Media.iso.sha256
sha256sum -c openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build79.1-Media.iso.sha256

In turn, those commands download the sha256 checksum and the iso itself.  Then they verify the gpg signature on the checksum file, and the checksum of the downloaded iso file.

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Handling multiple openSUSE version with UEFI

There are times when you want to have several versions of openSUSE on the same computer.  For example, on one of my computers I have:

  • openSUSE Leap 42.3 (this is what I mainly use);
  • openSUSE Tumbleweed (for a look at the bleeding edge);
  • openSUSE Leap 15.0 (alpha release of the next Leap version).

So how do I manage those, so that I can boot whichever I want?

I’ll note that, in part, this is an update of an earlier post.  I’ll describe how I am handling this situation.

Default setup

I’ll start with what will happen if you just install these versions willy-nilly, and go with the installation defaults.

In a UEFI box, the installer creates a directory “/boot/efi/EFI/opensuse”.  That’s really directory “\EFI\opensuse” in the EFI partition (which uses the FAT file system).  EFI boot files are installed in that directory, and NVRAM entries for “opensuse” and “opensuse-secureboot” are created.  The “opensuse” boot entry uses “grubx64.efi” to boot the system.  The “opensuse-secureboot” entry uses “shim.efi”.  If secure-boot is disabled in your firmware, either of those should work.  If secure-boot is enabled, then only the “opensuse-secureboot” entry will work.

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Another install of openSUSE 15.0

I checked the download site for openSUSE 15.0.  And I noticed that there was a newer version available.  This one is Build 65.1.  My previous look at 15.0 had been for Build 48.1.

As you might expect, I downloaded the iso for the DVD installer.  I also downloaded the sha256 checksum file.  I then verified the gpg signature on the checksum file, and used the checksum file to verify the download of the iso.

The next step was to “burn” the iso to a USB device.  I used a 4G USB flash drive for that purpose.

Updating

After downloading, I first decided to update the openSUSE 15.0 from my previous install to a KVM virtual machine.  I configured the installer USB as a local repo.  And I then brought the system up to date with

zypper dup

After updating, and rebooting, the system seemed to run well.  Or, so I thought.  But after booting again today, I noticed that it had no network.  It seems that the update changed the network setup.  The ethernet interface is now “eth0”.  It was previously “ens3”.  So I had to reconfigure for the new interface name before I could make an ethernet connection.  I used Yast network settings to reconfigure.

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OpenSUSE Leap 15 — an early look

Work on Leap 15 is underway.  There was a short discussion on the factory mailing list, beginning HERE.

Two months after my last status update Leap 15 is almost rolling.  Following SLE 15 I’d like to aim for a release in April.

It is worth reading that whole message, and perhaps the other emails that follow it.  As the message indicates, there is now a download site for isos, in case you want to try Leap 15 for yourself.

I went to the openQA site to look at failures.  And they didn’t seem too bad.  So I downloaded an iso from there.  It was “openSUSE-Leap-15.0-DVD-x86_64-Build48.1-Media.iso”.

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Another install of Leap 42.3 Beta

I did another install of 42.3 on Thursday.  I guess I’m a tad slow reporting that.  This install was for Build 0283.  I installed it on my main desktop.  At the moment, I am still running 42.2 on that computer.  I installed 42.3 on a separate area of the disk.

I do plan to soon switch to running 42.3 full time.  That’s the best way of testing this beta release.  The final release is due in about one month.

Downloading and installing

I followed my usual procedure.  I used “aria2c” to  download the iso for the DVD installer.  I used “wget” to download the sha256 checksum file.  Then I verified the gpg signature on the checksum file, and verified that the checksum matched the downloaded iso.

The next step was to write the iso file to a USB flash drive.  I used “dd_rescue” for that.  Then I booted the USB, and installed 42.3

Installation itself went well.  Everything worked about as expected.  Following the install, I booted into 42.3, and did a little final tweaking.  And I also added additional software that is not on the install media but is in the repos.

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